Eight years after the introduction of the so-called education and participation package, the money will benefit only a few children in Hartz IV.
"At least 85 percent of those who are generally eligible do not yet benefit from this service," says a study. It involves state subsidies for sports clubs, music schools, lunches, school supplies or school trips and excursions.
"The education and participation package is and remains botched and goes completely by the life reality of adolescents and the local structures over," said the managing director of the association, Ulrich Schneider, according to a statement. The previous Teilhabeleistungen depend on the fact that there are suitable offers on site.
The numbers have not changed year-on-year and are "devastating". Only every seventh 6- to 15-year-olds benefit from the benefits. According to the association, data from the Federal Employment Agency were evaluated for the investigation.
There are therefore large regional differences: in Schleswig-Holstein and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania the so-called participation rate is highest, in Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland the lowest.
Does a law amendment improve the situation?
There are very different administrative procedures at the local level for the implementation of the Teilhabeleistungen, it says in the study. In most of the municipalities, it is not possible to get them to the child and the adolescent. The problems have been known for a long time. Complicated application procedures were repeatedly criticized in the past.
In August this year, by law, simplifications and increases in grants came into force. How these affect, but only at the next data analysis in the coming year, it was.
The association calls for an abolition of the education and participation package and an end to participation vouchers. Instead, there should be a flat-rate payment of 15 euros per month. In addition, the promotion of participation for children and young people should no longer be organized by the job center, but by the local youth welfare offices. In the long term, the parity, as well as other associations, the SPD, the Greens and the Left argue in favor of a basic child protection scheme in which state benefits for children and adolescents are brought together.